- The process by which a filter media traps unwanted molecules.
- Water with a pH of less than 7.
- A plastic material used to construct fish tanks, filters and accessories.
- Activated carbon
- A commonly used chemical filter media.
- Adipose Fin
- A small fin located behind the dorsal fin and in front of the caudal
- The process by which filter media attracts unwanted molecules to
its surface via a chemical charge.
- A root which develops from the node of a stem or similar organ,
such as a Rhizome, Stolan or runner.
- A term used to describe an organism that needs oxygen to survive.
- A device that attaches to the air pump to create various bubble
- Alimentary canal
- The tube of the digestive system through which food passes, where
digestion takes place.
- Water with a pH between 7 and 14. Also known as Basic.
- Ammonia (NH3)
- A dissolved gas that even in low concentrations is toxic to fish.
It is produced by the breakdown of organic waste products.
- Anal fin
- Single fin mounted vertically below the fish.
- A term used to describe an organism that lives in an environment
with little or no oxygen.
- Apical bud
- The principal growing point of the stem.
- Known as brine shrimp.
- Axillary bud
- A bud, capable of developing into a lateral shoot, present in the
angle between the stem and a leaf.
- A transformer which changes the voltage from your house outlet to
the voltage needed to power different types of lighting.
- Whisker-like growths around the mouth, used for finding food and
communication; a sensory organ.
- Compounds that make water Alkaline. If water contains more acids
than basses it's acidic. If it has more basses than acids it's alkaline.
- A filter media used for the colonization of bacteria.
- Natural environment of a organism.
- Black Water
- Water that has a dark cola-like color caused by Humic acids, it
has a very low pH and is very soft, common in the Amazon river basin.
- Breeding tank
- An aquarium set up for the breeding of fish.
- Bubble nest
- A term used for a nest which is constructed of tiny air bubbles,
produced by the male fish. It is used to protect the the eggs and
fry. Members of the family Anabantidae are the most widely known users
of such nests
- A substance added to the water to help maintain the pH. value.
- A necessary element used by salt water corals and other organisms
for their calcium carbonate skeleton or shell.
- Carbonate Hardness
- The part of the total hardness that is formed by the ions of carbonates(Co3)
and hydrogen carbonate(HCo3). It is symbolized by dCH. It is important
to know the dCH of your water, as it affects both the ph. and Carbon
Dioxide amounts in your water. It is also commonly called "buffering
capability". a dCH of 4 to 8 is fine for most fish.
- Carbon dioxide(Co2)
- Important plant nutrient. The higher the dCH the lower the (Co2).
For most aquarium plants a level of 4-6 dCH is ideal.
- Female sex organs. They contain the Ovules which become seeds when
- Caudal fin
- Single fin at the back of a fish-the tail fin.
- Synthetic organic acids that enable Iron and other trace elements
to be absorbed easily by the plants.
- Process of Photosynthesis, occurs between 420-550 nm.and at 670
nm. Values for different type bulbs.
- Actinic= 420nm.
- Vitalite=420-670 nm.
- Ultralume=550-670 nm.
- A chemical compound used in water clarifiers. It causes fine particles
to stick together to be more easily removed by the filter.
- Different species of fish kept in the same aquarium.
- The shedding of the leaves at the onset of the dormant period.
- Having the property of curving outward, like the outside of a ball.
- CRI; color rendering index
- A number used for rating lite bulbs on a scale up to 100, where
100 is equal to sunlight.
- Crushed coral
- A Calcareous substrate material with pH buffering abilities, for
- Detached parts of stem plants: they take root after planting and
become new plants.
- Breakdown of nitrates by anaerobic bacteria into other forms.
- Organic waste matter that collects on the bottom of fish tanks.
- Diatomaceous earth
- A filter media made up of skeletons of Diatoms, used in Diatom filters,
able to filter particles down to microns in size.
- Dividing into two equal branches.
- Having male or female flowers on separate plants.
- Division of the vegetative point of Rosette plants into two or more
parts for propagation.
- Abbreviation for Degrees of Carbonate Hardness.
- A limestone gravel with a small pH buffering ability.
- Dormant period
- Interruption of growth in an effort to adjust to seasonal periods
- Dorsal fin
- Single fin mounted on top of the fish. Some species have two, one
behind the other.
- A water resistant socket for fluorescent lamps.
- The formation of weak, spindly foliage deficient in Chlorophyll,
usually occurs in light of too low intensity.
- A term used in the classification of organisms. A family is made
up of related Genera.
- Filter feeder
- A small animal that feeds off tiny food suspended in the water.
- Method of cleaning aquarium water, there are 3 basic types. "Mechanical"
removes particulate material. Chemical" removal of dissolved substances
by passing through a type of media, like carbon. "Biological" which
is the process of changing from a harmful substance to a less harmful
one, by bacteria.
- Spectrum temperature of daylight.
- Fully formed baby fish.
- General or Total hardness
- he sum of carbonate hardness and non-carbonate hardness. Usually
expressed in degrees of dH.
- Gill cover
- A hard bony plate covering the gills.
- Hard water
- Water with a high concentration of dissolved salts.
- Having leaves of different shapes on the same plant.
- Having flowers which differ in the relative length of their styles
and stamens, such that any one flower is very rarely, if ever, self
- A device used to measure salinity of water.
- The transference of pollen from the Anthers of the Stamens to the
Stigmas on the surface of the water or under water.
- The part of the Stem of a seedling below the cotyledons.
- A very common parasitic disease characterized by white salt-like
specks all over the fish.
- An abbreviation for inside diameter, used when measuring tubing
- An animal with no backbone.
- The most important trace element for plants. Iron deficiency causes
Chlorosis; a disease that makes the plant leaves Yellow.
- A temperature reading used to rate the color of lite bulbs. 5500
degrees K is equal to sunlight.
- The part of a leaf which is flattened, to a greater or lesser degree.
As the Leaf Blade.
- Lateral line
- A line of sensory scales along the sides of fish that enables them
to detect vibrations and electrical impulses from other fish.
- substance used in fresh water plant tanks to supply nutrients, either
a powder placed under the gravel or chunks mixed in the gravel bed.
- A measurement of light intensity. (1 lumen=10.76 lux).
- The standard for measuring light.