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Setting up an Paludarium


The Plants


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          With the finishing touches of the set up complete and the trial run through working well I decided it was time for the terrestrial plants. I will list the plants I have used here and also provide a care type sheet for each. First I would like you to notice a couple of changes in the set up. First in the corner by the waterfall, the lava rock has been replaced by cork bark, this was always my plan and the rock was just temporary. The next thing are the driftwood branches and vines. The original wood was a natural product called grapevine, It was very nice ,but it started sprouting some sort of growth during the run in and I really did not want to use it. I went to the local store and they carry a branch like product made by "Kritterz" a similar product line is made by  T-REX  it is flexible and posable and really looks life like. There was also a Kritterz Bio Vine material that I used to run along the back. I really like this stuff and so far would highly recommend it. The terrestrial plants I have chosen were bought at a local home depot. I am not totally sure if these plants are the proper ones for my set up, but I will find out. The air plants were bought at a local pet shop and are secured to the bark by the waterfall. I also have a box of assorted aquarium plant bulbs from  aquariumplant.com  It looks to be about 8 to 10 different bulbs. These are my starter plants and I'm sure I will be adding and deleting some.

Terrestrial plants

Creeping Ficus

Scientific Name: Ficus pumila L.
family: Moraceae

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Creeping Fig

Average Size:

creeping, climbing habit

Sun Exposure:

Partial shade, light shade

Origin:

China, Vietnam, Japan, Australia.

Growth Habits:

Self attaching vine, will grow slowly to cover any size enclosure.

Watering Needs:

Regular moderate watering for optimum growth

Propagation:

Seeds, cuttings under mist, offsets

Pests:

spider mites

 

Pothos Ivy

Scientific Name: Epipremnum aureum
family: Araceae
 

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Pothos Ivy, Golden Pothos, Devil's Ivy

Average Size:

vining habit

Sun Exposure:

Partial shade, light shade

Origin:

Solomon Islands in the Pacific.

Growth Habits:

Self attaching vine, the greater the light the more variegation.

Watering Needs:

evenly to moist to slightly dry.

Propagation:

leaf cuttings with stem nodes and roots

Pests:

two-spotted mites

 

Maidenhair fern

Scientific Name: Adiantum tenerum L.
family: Pteridaceae

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Brittle Maidenhair, Delicate maidenhair fern

Average Size:

maidenhair fern grows 6 - 20 inches

Sun Exposure:

Low to medium light

Origin:

South America.

Growth Habits:

triangle-shaped leaflets with shiny black stems.

Watering Needs:

Keep soil wet at all times.

Propagation:

Divide the rhizomes, the thickened roots from which the leaves sprout.

 

Parlor Palm

Scientific Name: Chamaedorea elegans
family: Arecaceae

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Parlor Palm, Table Palm

Average Size:

3` to 4`

Sun Exposure:

Partial shade, light shade

Origin:

Mexico and Guatemala.

Growth Habits:

terrariums, dish gardens to tabletop and Floor containers.

Watering Needs:

evenly moist

Propagation:

easily by seed and sometimes division

Pests:

mostly pest free, could have spider mites.

 

Polka Dot plant

Scientific Name: Hypoestes sanguinolenta
family: Acanthaceae

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Polka Dot plant, Freckle Face, Measles Plant

Average Size:

Grows 5" to 12" tall

Sun Exposure:

bright light but not full sun

Origin:

Native to Madagascar .

Growth Habits:

keep it pinched back to no taller than about 12 inches.

Watering Needs:

Should be kept slightly moist

Propagation:

by seed, or by cuttings taken at any time.

 

Air Plants

Air plant

Scientific Name: Tillandsia circinnatoides ?
family: Tillandsioideae

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Air plant, Tillandsia

Average Size:

Grows 5" to 10" tall

Sun Exposure:

Bright filtered light

Origin:

Mexico to Costa Rica .

Growth Habits:

keep it pinched back to no taller than about 12 inches.

Watering Needs:

Thoroughly wet 2-3 times per week, mist between waterings

Propagation:

offsets

Web Site:

Tillandsia International

 

Air plant

Scientific Name: Tillandsia juncea ?
family: Tillandsioideae

 

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Air plant, Tillandsia

Average Size:

Grows 8" to 12" tall

Sun Exposure:

Bright filtered light

Origin:

Florida, Mexico, and the West Indies to Southern Brazil

Growth Habits:

keep it pinched back to no taller than about 12 inches.

Watering Needs:

Thoroughly wet 2-3 times per week, mist between watering

Propagation:

offsets

Web Site:

Tillandsia International

 

Aquatic Plants

Duckweed

Scientific Name: Lemna minor
family: Lemnaceae

   

  Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Duckweed

Average Size:

1-15mm  (1/2 inch max)

Light:

low

Origin:

Worldwide

Growth Habits:

prolific, harvest when it becomes too dense.

Water:

PH: 4.5 to 7.5
Hardness: Soft to hard
temperature: 32- 90+ F

Propagation:

seed and vegetatively, thought during the growing season, nearly all plants arise by vegetative reproduction

 

Banana Plant

Scientific Name: Nymphoides aquatica
family: Menyanthacees

   

  Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)

Common name:

Banana Plant

Average Size:

6 inches

Light:

Bright, normal or artificial light.

Origin:

The Atlantic coast of North America (mainly Florida).

Growth Habits:

1-2 leaves a month.

Water:

PH: 4.5 to 7.5
Hardness: medium
temperature: 55- 80 F

Propagation:

by division of the shoots that grow on the leaf stalks. The shoots will grow tufts of small swollen young roots.

 

Mosses

These are some native mosses I recently found on my vacation. I have found their scientific names , but little as far as care. They both like the moist humid air of the set-upc and I hope will cover the ground nicely. We will see.

 

 


set up as of 7/10/01

    


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Email: badman@badmanstropicalfish.com