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Another of the old time favorites, the Penguin fish has a look all its
own. A peaceful and undemanding fish that makes a great addition to
any community aquarium.
Listed tank sizes are the minimum
||Up to 2 1/2 inches (8 cm)
||5.5 to 7.0
||Soft to hard dh range 4-20
||73° to 82° F (22-28°C)
Peru and Western Brazil, the Amazon basin.
General Body Form:
A rather long fish with much lateral compression. The upper and lower
profiles are very similar in appearance. The bottom of the rear fin
(Caudal) is slightly longer, giving the penguin its one of a kind look.
A Black longitudinal stripe starts at the end of the gill cover plate
and runs all the way to the base of the Caudal fin where it turns downward
to the bottom tip of the tail fin. A shinny Gold colored line runs on
either side of the thicker Black stripe. The upper main body color is
a gold or bronze color and the lower body is a silver to gray color.
The fins are clear with a slight Yellow tint and the front of the Anal
fin has a milky front.
An easily cared for fish the penguin is omnivorous accepting flake,
frozen and live food. The addition of some vegetable matter in the food
is beneficial. They are adaptable to a wide range of water conditions,
although it has been said that they are sensitive to high Nitrate levels.
The tank should be loosely planted with plenty of open space for swimming.
They swim at an angle facing up and are a schooling fish and should
be kept in groups of at least six. An all around winner for the community
Found in slow moving waters of the Amazon basin, among scattered patches
A very prolific breeder often having broods of over 1000, a fairly large
breeding tank is needed. The water should be soft and on the acidic
side (5.5). The substrate should consist of fine leafed plants to catch
the large number of eggs. Females when ready to spawn have a very distended
belly due to the large number of eggs. After spawning the pair should
be removed and a portion of the water should be changed due to the large
amount of sperm released by the male which could foul the water. The
eggs hatch in less than a day and the fry are very small and need to
be fed the smallest of foods available.