SOUTH AMERICA: Amazon River basin, restricted to
Peruvian and adjacent Brazilian black-water river systems (collected
in the lower Nanay, Mazan and Tigre in Peru, near Leticia in Columbia,
and in Igarape Preto and Lago Tefe in Brazil). Occupies humic-stained
waters low in mineral content. Type locality: Columbia (Amazonas),
environments of Leticia.
Min Tank Size:
One Male with 3 – 4 Females: 25 to 29 gallons (95
– 110 liters) or larger (The more males, the longer the tank should
be to allow for individual territories.)
Min Shoal Size:
Not a shoaling fish, best not to keep with other
Apistogramma species. Keep singly, in pairs or small groups.
Mostly Carnivorous. Enjoys a variety of live or
frozen artemia, bloodworm, black worms, brine shrimp, marine crustaceans,
mosquito larvae and tubifex as well as pelleted foods containing
fish and spirulina.
Temperature of 73 to 77°F (23 to 25°C),
pH 5.0 to 6.0, 2-6° dH
Moderate. To replicate their native environment,
provide a soft, sandy substrate sprinkled with a few dried leaves
(beech, oak or Ketapang almond leaves) providing cover created
from roots, branches, driftwood or bogwood (caves have also been
made using clay flowerpots and sections of pvc pipe.) Lighting
should be soft and the aquarium should have a open-water space
provided for swimming. Water may be stained the color of cola
or tea either by adding peat to the filter or adding black-water
Excellent for a species-only aquarium or as part
of a peaceful community tank where tankmates might include corydoras,
otos, pencilfish, rasboras, swamp guppies and small tetras. Apistogrammas
are territorial and require individual ranges per mated group
to help prevent aggression. For a trio of 1 male per 2 females,
allow a minimum of 11 – 15 gallons (50 – 70 liters) for territory.
For every 1 male per 3 – 4 female harem, allow a minimum of roughly
26 gallons (100 liters).
Some experience required.
Appears as color morphs of 'red', 'blue', 'orange',
and 'yellow' depending on collection localities.