SOUTH AMERICA: Amazon River basin, in tributaries
to the Ucayali and Amazon rivers and in the Yavarí River in Peru
and the Japurá River in Brazil. Occupies black-, clear-water and
Min Tank Size:
Single Pair: 10 gallons (38 liters) or larger.
Min Shoal Size:
Not a shoaling fish, best not to keep with other
Apistogramma species. Keep singly, in pairs or small groups.
Mostly Carnivorous. Enjoys a variety of live or
frozen artemia, bloodworm, black worms, brine shrimp, marine crustaceans,
mosquito larvae and tubifex as well as pelleted foods containing
fish and spirulina.
Temperature of 73 to 86°F (23 to 30°C),
pH 7.0 to 7.5, 5-19° dH
Moderate. An aquarium with soft, sandy substrate,
multiple small caves, and both rooted and floating plants provides
the comfort, security and dappled lighting these fish require.
Branches and driftwood complete contribute tannins and create
additional safe havens. Lower lighting is recommended. Well-filtered,
highly-oxygenated water with a mild current may either be left
clear or changed to black-water using tannins leached from bogwood/driftwood,
dried leaves aquarium-safe peat or black-water concentrate.
A peaceful addition to community aquariums. Both
wild-caught and captive-raised fish benefit from having small
dither fish as tankmates. Tankmates might include otocinclus,
pencilfish, rasboras, cardinal tetras and other passive tetras.
A. eunotus may be slightly aggressive with conspecifics, particularly
during breeding. A stocking ratio of one male to one female is
recommended. Overall, the tank should be lightly-stocked.