Adonis tetra, scientifically known as Lepidarchus adonis, is a small African fish of the family Alestidae. This West African Nano-sized tetra is most present in shallow warm water, commonly in large shoals. It is also known as Jellybean tetra.
Before starting the aquarium hobby, this article helps beginners take care of the fish correctly. Adonis tetra is a peaceful schooling fish, which needs the same requirement as other tetra species. It is the most colorful and hardy in the fish community.
Let us have a quick look at stats about this fish.
|Scientific Name||Lepidarchus adonis, Lepidarchus adonis signifer|
|Common Name||Adonis, Jellybean tetra, Adonis Characin|
|Size Fish||Up to 0.75 inches|
|Habitat||Africa: South of Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire in small coastal basins.|
|Min Size of Tank||10 gallons|
|Behavior||Peaceful; Prefers subdued light|
|Aquarium temperature||Temperature 71 to 79 F, pH range: 5.8 – 6.5; pH range: 4 – 8|
Facts and Stats About Adonis Tetra
For fish enthusiasts, Lepidarchus adonis or Jellybean tetra is a lovely pet having a small and peaceful schooling nature. It can happily share a small aquarium with other fishes. Usually, it develops a buddy system, i.e., hundreds of fishes like to live in the school system to reduce stress.
Moreover, these are also easily transferable to other home tanks if you plan to shift your pets to a new aquarium.
Interestingly, the Adonis tetra lifespan of two to five years is the most loveable feature of this fish among aquarists.
Following are some main points related to Adonis Tetra:
- Body: small, slender and translucent body barring caudal fins; females have pointed anal fins and fuller belly while males have rounded anal fins and slim belly
- Tank Conditions: acidic; densely planted tank with some swimming space; dim lights
- Lifespan: two to five years
Breeding Adonis Tetra in a Tank
Adonis tetra has a native freshwater habitat that can breed in captivity without any difficulty creating the right environment to propagate and raise fry. Therefore, you have good news that when you generate the suitable water condition, Lepidarchus adonis can breed quickly. For breeding, water should be very soft (<2Gh) and acidic.
Males entice females near thick plant growth, where eggs deposited are fertilized. During mating, male fish are more aggressive and territorial. You should avoid having more than one male of a species as a liver bearer.
Manage ratio of one male with two to three females to diffuse persistent mating behavior of males. Keep in mind that during breeding, except for the feeding place, the aquarium should be dark.
Adeno tetra fish practice parental care most defensively at the breeding time. Sometimes, they eat their own eggs, and sometimes they tend to spawn in groups.
This fish can lay 20-30 eggs that fertilize near fine-leaved plants, e.g., Java Moss. Adonis tetra eggs hatch after 36 hours. After a week of hatching, young fish can start swimming freely. You should remove the parent fish after spawning. For the fry, you must provide small infusoria as a feed.
Read the points below to get some help in setting up your tank for the new fry:
- Tank Size: 10-15 gallons
- Tank Compatibility: soft (<2Gh) and acidic; thick plant growth for breeding; dimly lit or dark tank
- Hatching Period: 36 hours after fertilization
Compatibility With Tank Mates
Tetra fishes are the most peaceful and friendly community fish. They are the calmest, colorful, and delicate fish for fish lovers.
These can live happily with other similar-sized fish. With Adonis Tetra, some other tetra species can behave as good tank mates, e.g., rasboras, small danios, peaceful barbs, rainbowfish, and livebearers.
Remember these points before setting up a community aquarium for Adonis tetra:
- Temperament: peaceful
- Same Species: one male can live with two to three females, but more than one male cannot live together in a tank due to their territory or aggressive nature
- Tank size: 10 to 20 gallons at least; larger space provides more room to swim
- Plants: thick plantation because female lay eggs, deposit, and hatch at plant side
- Precautionary measure: cover the aquarium with a lid to prevent jumping of the fish out of the aquarium during any threat
- Newcomers in the tank should have the same size
- Omnivores: can feed on tropical flakes, color flakes, tropical granules, and shrimp pellets like much other fish
Aquarium Care Guide
Being a peaceful community fish, Adonis Tetra thrives happily in a well-maintained tank. They need highly acidic water with regular replacement to keep the environment clean and healthy. Like other fish, Adonis Tetra also gets sick when there is a problem with water.
Another essential part about caring for tetra fishes is to ensure good quality food.
Keep these points in mind to take good care of Adonis Tetra:
- Water conditions: maintain acidity and good filtration; replace 10 percent of the water every week or 25 percent water after every two weeks
- Aquarium size: minimum 10 gallons
- Water temperature: 72 to 79 F
- Water hardness: around 4 dH; water pH: 5.8 to 6.5
- Swimming region: middle to bottom
- Tank decorations: freshwater plants and treadmill to play
- Water movement: steady current
- Lightings: dim light for dark aquarium
Aquarium Diet for Adonis Tetra
When you think about fish food, flakes are the most common feeding option. Fish flakes can be in the form of granules, pellets, sinking, and floating varieties. Adonis Tetra also enjoys frozen food like shrimps, bloodworms, plankton, prawn, krill, or mussels. You can also add feeder fish crickets and worms to their tank.
However, if you have a variety of fish in your aquarium, you need to add a combination of food in the tank such as floating foods, slow-sinking foods, and rapidly sinking foods to ensure that every fish gets enough nutrition to eat.
Here are some diets points to notice for the Adonis Tetra diet:
- Feeding behavior: omnivorous
- Meaty food: part of their diet
- Flake food: high quality
- Live food: live brine or ghost shrimp
- Frozen Food: shrimp, bloodworms, plankton, prawn, krill, or mussels
- Frequency of feeding: small feeding sizes twice a day
Common Fish Diseases in Adonis Tetra
The most common and familiar disorders in fish are due to stress, poor water quality, and overcrowding. Moreover, any sick fish can spread disease to others in the tank. But you can minimize these factors by using appropriate care and good hygiene.
Moreover, Adonis Tetra also suffers from digestive disorders due to different parasites and protozoans, which cause infection in the stomach and intestine. Cataracts are also a common disorder in these fish which is caused due to eye flukes and nutritional deficiencies.
Also, Adonis Tetra are sensitive to ammonia in water and can suffer from neurological disorders in case of disturbed ammonia levels in the tank. Therefore, the ammonia and pH of the water tank should be tested to prevent fish from neurologic disorders.
This article talked about the stats and care of the beautiful Adonis Tetra that has a peaceful temperament and can be a colorful choice for your aquarium hobby.
Let us summarize the main points for you here:
- Adonis Tetra has a silver-colored body having dark red spots on the back and differently shaded fins
- It can happily live for two to five years in a dimly lit and acidic water tank.
- Adonis Tetra is a peaceful community fish that can share a tank in your home with other fish
- This fish can lay up to 20-30 eggs which are fertilized near fine-leaved plants after the male entices the female
- After 36 hours, the eggs hatch, and after a week of hatching, fry start swimming freely
- They need at least 10 gallons of water in the tank and 72 to 79 F temperature for breeding
- Diet for Adonis Tetra can include flakes, frozen shrimps, planktons, bloodworms, mussels, krill, prawns, fish crickets, etc.
- Adonis Tetra can suffer from diseases like digestive disorders, cataract, neurological disorders, and other fish diseases due to poor water and food quality
If you are a new aquarist, we’ve shared all the essential information that you need to develop your interest in Adonis Tetra for your tank. By giving proper care and a healthy environment, you can have a colorful variety of Adonis Tetra in your home tank for a longer time.
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