Anubias congensis (Anubias heterophylla) is a popular Anubias species in the aquarium hobby due to its attractive appearance, durability, and ease of care. Like almost all Anubias plants, it is extremely hardy, low-maintenance, and can thrive in a wide range of water conditions.
It has longer and more pointed leaves than Anubias barteri. Its deep green, thick leaves stand out and provide an important haven for aquatic animals. In this article, you will find all the necessary information to introduce Anubias congensis to your home aquarium.
Anubias Congensis: Stats
|Type||Aquatic Stem Plant|
|Origin||Indigenous to Africa, cultivated in US nurseries|
|Growth Rate||4 8 leaves per year|
|Height||3.9 5.4 inches|
|Light||Low to Moderate|
Anubias Congensis: Basic Information
Anubias congensis is native to Africa’s tropical regions, where it grows along streams, rivers and marshes. It is a flowering plant that thrives when the rhizome is attached to a hard surface, like wood or stones.
They require low to medium light and can benefit from fertilization on a regular basis. CO2 is not required, but it can promote faster growth and stronger leaves. Because it is a slow grower, the leaves are prone to algae growth if exposed to bright light. Propagation is simple: Simply cut or pull apart rhizomes to be replanted.
This plant is very appealing with its lush, long-lasting green leaves and strong root structure. Anubias are a hardy, low-maintenance plant that can be used as a foreground, midground, or background plant. Anubias is ideal for anyone involved in the fish-keeping hobby.
Anubias Congensis Care
They can be rewarding for another reason — aside from their ability to survive even in poor aquarium conditions — in that they can produce flowers underwater with low lighting.
You can solve all the problems associated with a non-planted aquarium by using live aquarium plants and you can also improve the performance of your aeration, filtration, food, and algae control systems. You can make a difference in the lives of your fish.
Anubias Congensis: Potential Problems
Anubias congensis care is similar to that of other Anubias plants. It works best in the middle ground and looks best in low to moderate lighting. Excessive lighting, unfortunately, can cause unsightly, pesky algae growth on its leaves.
This algae growth, however, can be easily controlled in an aquarium with a healthy population of shrimp (especially Amano shrimp) that will constantly graze on the algae without harming the Anubias plant itself.
To help prevent algae from growing on your anubias, do the following:
- Plant it in a shady spot.
- Set your lights to a timer to shorten the period of exposure.
- Maintain regular water changes to reduce nutrient levels in the water.
- In case of algae infestation, performing a spot treatment with Seachem Flourish Excel is the most effective way to combat algae on Anubias leaves.
Apart from algae, also some “wood-eating” Panaque of the Plecos genus may chew holes in Anubias congensis leaves, but most herbivorous animals will not harm it.
Anubias Congensis: Height
This African aquatic plant reaches a medium height, and thus should be considered a plant for the medium or foreground, depending on dimensions of your tank. Anubias congensis height reaches upto 3.9 5.4 inches and requires an average quantity of light. Even in the best condition, the Anubias congensis growth rate will be very slow.
The main distinguishing feature of this variety of Anubias is the slightly longer leaf shape compared to the other species. If your tank isn’t well-lit, don’t worry: Anubias congensis will not suffer from it. If anything, it will grow slower in a dimmer tank.
It is one of the tallest Anubias blade-like species. Anubias congensis is an excellent plant for the mid or background of your tank, with a beautiful dark lime green colour and thick sword-like leaves.
Anubias Congensis: Propagation
Being a rhizome plant, it is very easy to propagate Anubias congensis. Using a very sharp knife, cut the rhizome into smaller sections. When you do this, you may lose some of the original leaves, but they will be replaced by new growth once the pieces have been re-planted.
When the mother plant is mature enough for propagation, the rhizome will develop small roots along its length indicating that, when the rhizome is divided, the roots will develop quickly.
Remove the mother plant from the tank with care and cut the rhizome into equal-sized pieces. These should then be returned to the tank, taking care not to completely bury the rhizome in the substrate; rotting will occur quickly if the rhizome is submerged in the soil medium.
At least half of the rhizome should be visible, and the small roots should be facing downwards. This may seem obvious to most of you, but it is always something to keep in mind. After a few weeks, you should notice new growth, which indicates that the propagation was successful.
Anubias Congensis: Planting
Planting Anubias congensis is most effective when the rhizome is attached to driftwood or rockwork. It can be planted in the substrate, but the rhizome must not be completely buried, or it will rot and recede. This plant can also be grown in terrariums, paludariums and aquariums as an immersed plant.
The roots of this species will grow and wrap around objects if planted in the substrate or attached to decorations. This allows you to put color wherever you want. It is not only decorative, but it also serves as a habitat for fish.
The leaves provide your aquatic pets an escape from other noisy fish and create shaded areas for those who want to get out of the sun. Because it is a planted species, you can choose the location of each plant, which aids in aquascaping the tank. Unlike floating plants that drift around, you can choose the location of each specimen of Anubias congensis.
When it comes to water parameters, anubias are fairly laid back. They grow best in a neutral pH zone of 7.0, but they can grow in nearly any pH parameter. Their ideal pH range is between 6.5 and 7.8. They grow well in both soft and acidic water.
Anubias thrive in warmer water temperatures ranging from 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. But, in terms of Anubias temperatures, they simply require water that is warmer than 68 degrees Fahrenheit and not scorching hot.
Depending on the variety of your Anubias, they can thrive in a small to large aquarium.
Dwarf varieties are best suited for small fish tanks, whereas some, such as the gigantea, can only be grown in large tanks. Look for the specific characteristics of whichever variety you choose to understand what your plants’ exact needs are.
The most important thing to remember, given the tank size, is that most Anubias varieties require planting in a minimum depth of 12 inches of water.
Things To Look While Buying Anubias Congensis
Anubias congensis leaves are dark green: If the colour fades or patches of yellow and brown appear, the plant is not healthy. Experts advise against purchasing such a plant.
The leaves of this plant are typically heavy, and having an equally heavy stem is essential. As a result, you should avoid purchasing drooping plants that can’t support their own weight.
Finally, check to see if the leaves are ripped, as they can slow the plant’s growth and limit photosynthesis.
Planting aquatic plants is not only done for your pet fish in the tank, but it is also one of fish keepers’ favourite hobbies. We hope that this comprehensive care guide for Anubias congensis will assist you in properly rearing this aquatic plant. Following the above-mentioned factors will help your plant grow healthier.
How Fast Anubias Congensis Grow?
The plant is a slow growing plant and it grows around 2 6 leaves per year. And this happens only when the conditions are all up-to-the-mark.
How Much Light Does This Plant Need?
The plant needs light for 8 hours every day. A longer exposure will be damaging for the plant and may cause algae growth.
At this point, you know all the basics of caring for Anubias congensis. Before you bring this plant to your home aquarium, make sure you read the following things and take notes:
- Make sure to provide a well-lit aquarium to this plant, but without exceeding 8 hours of exposure a day.
- The plant doesn’t need filtration systems, as it contributes to offering a natural filtration system.
- The plant is important as it absorbs and removes a significant amount of fish waste, excess food, decaying materials, and, in some cases, heavy metals.
- There is no need for CO2 supplements.
- Make sure to provide optimal water conditions, although these plants can tolerate a range of pH levels.
- The unique characteristic of this plant is it can survive in poor conditions as well. However, it is a slow grower, so make sure you treat it well if you want it so embellish your tank setup!
Following this advice, you will be able to have a healthy plant that will provide shelter to your fish and a fascinating allure to your aquarium.
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