Aquarium Microbes: Part 2: Other small critters

In part 1, I talked about the bacteria that handle the nitrogenous wastes from the fish. Fine, ammonia is dangerous in tanks. But ammonia is just one waste product. What about...

Water Changes in the home aquarium, Why, How Much, and How Often?

  Once upon a time, not really so long ago, there lived a lovely theory of the "Balanced Aquarium". You had this glass box, with stainless steel edges, a slate bottom, a...

Water Change Math, OTS And Other Mismatches Between Tank and Source Water

This note assumes that you have read the note on what OTS is itself as well as the article on general Water Change Math, if you have not yet read those,...

Carbon Information

There are a variety of pollutants dissolved in any aquatic environment containing biological life. Dissolved ORGANIC compounds (DOC's) include proteins, amino acids, phenolic compounds, pheromones and other metabolic byproducts which are...

Our Aquarium: How it all began, Article 46 on the care, upkeep and maintenance...

When I was a kid, I loved animals, any and all animals. I did everything I could to watch them, be with them, be near them, care for them, but NEVER...

Aquarium Basics: Tips for Successful Fish Keeping

Knowledge of aquarium basics helps you achieve your lifelong dream of owning a flourishing aquarium. Without the basics, you’d struggle with your aquarium setup and wind up frustrated. To help, we have curated information...

Aquarium Microbes Part 1: Nitrification

What do you keep in your tanks? A big school of Tetras? A pair of Cichlids? A few billion bacteria? Don’t gag. The "bugs" are the most numerous things in our tanks...

Tropical Fish Breeding: Everything You Need To Know

Tropical fish breeding is not much of a challenge once you know what to do. The first step is to understand the needs of your fish and work with them. This article...

Aquarium Filter Setup: The Respiratory System of Home Aquariums

Installing an aquarium filter setup can seem like a daunting task for someone who has never owned a fish tank before. However, if you are serious about maintaining different kinds of aquatic...

Aquarium Light Guide: Your Key to Better, Brighter Aquascapes

An aquarium light guide is a helpful resource that both novice and experienced fishkeepers can refer to whenever they decide to install new lighting in their home aquariums. That is exactly what...

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