Water Chemistry: How are pH, KH, and GH Related?

As an aquarist, pH, GH, and KH are words you constantly use. You understand how essential stable water parameters are for a healthy aquarium. Correct water chemistry helps preserve your fish’s...

How Long Can a Fish Go Without a Filter: Can It Survive Without It? 

A fish live without a filter for a maximum of seven days and a minimum of three days. A filter helps clean the water over and over again, so...

Best Betta Food: A Comparison of Six Favorite Options Available

You're not alone if you're wondering what the best betta food is. Ironically, this is one of the most often asked topics among first-time betta keepers. It's not always a good...

Lifespans of over 150 tropical fish and inverts. Article 99 on the care, upkeep...

Lifespans of over 150 tropical fish and inverts By: Bunny Oshinsky While this chart doesn't read as an article, I thought it would present best as a big, easy-to-read/search list posted in the articles...

Old Tank Syndrome in the aquarium, What is it, and what do we do...

At the other end of the line from  "New Tank Syndrome" (NTS)  is its opposite, "Old Tank Syndrome" (OTS). OTS can take several forms, a couple of which we will briefly examine...

Aquarium Microbes Part 2: Other small critters

In part 1, I talked about the bacteria that handle the nitrogenous wastes from the fish. Fine, ammonia is dangerous in tanks. But ammonia is just one waste product. What about all...

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