Euphyllia coral the forgiving coral of the saltwater communityThe Euphyllia Coral is known for its versatility and hardiness, making it popular among all manner of aquarists and reef builders. In this article, you will learn all about the Euphyllia Coral and what makes its varying species so unique and well-loved by reef aquarists.

What Is a Euphyllia Coral?

The Euphyllia Coral is the collective term for a group of LPS Corals that come in different shapes, sizes, and colors. Some of the renowned Euphyllia Corals are named for their shapes, such as the Hammer coral, the Branching hammer coral, and the Frogspawn Coral to name a few.

Euphyllia Coral Stats

There are several things about the Euphyllia Corals that you should know prior to purchasing a few pieces for your aquarium. You can start by reading the information in the summary table given below.

Ideal Temperature Range 78 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit
Light demands Low to Moderate
Growth speed Fast
Ideal PH range 8.1 to 8.4
Ideal GH range 8 to 10
Cultivation difficulty The Euphyllia Coral is recommended for aquarists of all experience levels.

In the next table, you will find the Euphyllia Coral’s taxonomic details.

Phylum Cnidaria
Class Anthozoa
Subclass Hexacorallia
Order Scleractinia
Family Caryophyliidae
Genus Euphyllia
Species Variable; some examples of Euphyllia species include Ancora, Paraancora, Divisa, and Yaeyamaensis

Euphyllia Coral Care

Now that you are more familiar with the background and types of the Euphyllia Corals, you can study how to care for them in your aquarium. In this section, we will go over how you can set up the perfect reef tank for your Euphyllia Corals. You will read about the specific tank, water, light, and substrate requirements for this type of coral. Furthermore, you will also learn how to feed or fertilize your Euphyllia Corals properly.

– Tank and Water Parameters

Now that you know the different types of Euphyllia Corals you can add to your aquarium, you need to learn about the parameters that constitute a perfect environment for these organisms. You need to maintain aquarium water with 1.025 specific gravity, and 400 to 450ppm calcium values. You will also need at least a tank with 20 to 30-gallons of capacity for two or three fully grown colonies of Euphyllia Corals.

Furthermore, you should keep the number of other substances and minerals as close to 0ppm as possible. The exception for this rule are Nitrates which may range from 1 to 10ppm, and Phosphates which may reach 0.01ppm.

– Light Requirements

Many species of the Euphyllia Coral thrive in an environment with low to moderate lighting. However, when you expose your Euphyllia Corals to high or intensive light, they will bleach and die soon enough.

That said, you will want to place your Euphyllia Corals in the areas of your aquarium that get enough light but also provide protection in the form of shade. Do not place your Euphyllia Corals under direct, strong lighting as this will cause them to feel stressed and perhaps even refuse to open up to feed.

You may want to experiment with LED lighting systems to provide your Euphyllia Corals with the right light intensity and exposure. While LED lights are certainly more expensive than traditional aquarium lights, they last longer and offer you more accuracy when it comes to controlling the light that your corals and other aquarium inhabitants receive.

– Substrate Requirements

You can use a gravel-type substrate for your Euphyllia Corals. Better yet, you may want to attach these corals to rock slabs or outcroppings. These will keep your Euphyllia Corals stable and prevent them from tumbling into the territory of other corals in your tank.

Some aquarists have found that tying juvenile Euphyllia Corals to rock outcroppings has helped them grow largely unhindered by fluctuating water currents or movements from fish and other aquatic creatures. Tying your Euphyllia Corals to different surfaces also provides you with the advantage of keeping your corals safe from being accidentally uprooted or removed from their original position.

– Fertilizing Requirements

The Euphyllia Coral has a deep and distinct mouth. Its corals are also active sweepers which make them great for catching food particles and tiny prey. However, this does not mean that you should simply allow your Euphyllia Corals to fend for themselves. Your reef aquarium is not as rich in resources as the Euphyllia Coral’s natural habitat where it could feast on a variety and abundance of food.

That said, it makes sense to occasionally supplement your Euphyllia Corals diet. You can fertilize your Euphyllia Corals with meaty and fresh food like Mysis shrimp, brine shrimp, and even zooplankton.

Use a turkey baster or Julian’s thing to gently and slowly target feed your Euphyllia corals. Providing your Euphyllia Corals with a direct source of food maybe twice or thrice a month poses no harm to them and in fact, can help them grow faster into happy and healthy members of your reef tank.

– Trimming

Euphyllia Corals are known to grow extremely fast. That said, you will need to trim your Euphyllia Corals twice a month or as often as possible to keep them from overrunning your aquarium. You can do this by using a pair of sharp coral scissors or blades to remove any Euphyllia tentacles that are reaching out towards the territory of other corals.

Make a habit out of checking your Euphyllia Corals for any overgrowths. Trim your Euphyllia Corals whenever you think they are about to encroach on another coral’s territory or if they appear to be growing wildly in all directions.

By maintaining your Euphyllia Corals’ size and shape, you not only keep them healthy and encourage them to grow more, but you also foster a peaceful and harmonious environment for the rest of your aquarium inhabitants to thrive in.

– Propagating

You can then use the tentacles or fragments of coral you removed to propagate your Euphyllia Corals manually. This is called coral fragging. Once you have collected a number of coral fragments from your Euphyllia, you can attach them to a mesh wire and place them in another tank where they can grow undisturbed.

The Euphyllia ancora is an example of a Euphyllia coral that is also recognized as a hammer coral. This particular coral has long tentacles that can extend far beyond its main body in search of food. Another popular hammer Euphyllia is the Euphyllia paraancora. This coral is similar in all aspects to the Euphyllia ancora except for its skeleton type.

The Euphyllia divisa and Euphyllia paradivisa are two of the most common frogspawn corals used in home aquariums today, but the Euphyllia yaeyamaensis is also fast becoming a popular frogspawn coral to care for in a reef aquarium. These corals are great for bringing more color variety into your species-specific reef aquarium.

You should begin to see new polyps forming after at least seven days. At this point, you can plant the young corals or help them attach them to a suitable substrate.

Tank Mates

The Euphyllia Coral is known to be aggressive towards corals that are not from the same genus. That said, the easiest solution to finding perfect tank mates for your Euphyllia Corals would be to house them with corals from the same group. The three most common groups of Euphyllia Corals are the hammer corals, the torch corals, and the frogspawn corals.

On the other hand, you may also pair your Euphyllia Corals with other coral species as well as different kinds of aquatic creatures. The next sections tackle with the best and worst aquarium inhabitants to house with your Euphyllia Corals.

– Ideal Tank Mates

You can keep your Euphyllia Corals with other photosynthetic corals that are not large in size or aggressive in nature. Some examples of the corals you can keep with your Euphyllias are the Acan Coral and the Favia Coral.

– Tank Mates To Avoid

Refrain from housing your Euphyllia Corals with non-photosynthetic corals. These corals might have different water and lighting requirements and will only suffer if they are placed in an aquarium that has been designed for photosynthetic or light-loving corals. For instance, do not house a Bubble Coral or Trumpet Coral with your Euphyllias.


Euphyllia coralLet’s have a short recap of the key points we covered in the article so you do not forget them when you finally have a few Euphyllias of your own.

  • The Euphyllia Coral is a Large Polyp Stony coral that originated from the Indo-Pacific and Samoan reefs.
  • This coral is known for being quite hardy and tolerant of other Euphyllia variants; this makes it a highly-recommended choice for novice aquarists to start with.
  • Three of the most common types of Euphyllia Coral are the hammer coral, torch coral, and the frogspawn coral.
  • You need to keep this coral at least six inches away from the next coral colony to prevent it from being aggressive.
  • The Euphyllia Coral enjoys low to moderately-lit aquariums with similarly gentle water flow, and it will thrive in aquariums where it is placed properly and target-fed occasionally.

Now that you know the basics of Euphyllia Coral care, why not go try to get your hands on a few of these reef beauties? You will certainly enjoy caring for and watching these active and forgiving saltwater aquarium creatures.

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