Setting up an Paludarium


The Plants




With the finishing touches of the set up complete and the trial run through working well I decided it was time for the terrestrial plants. I will list the plants I have used here and also provide a care type sheet for each. First I would like you to notice a couple of changes in the set up. First in the corner by the waterfall, the lava rock has been replaced by cork bark, this was always my plan and the rock was just temporary. The next thing are the driftwood branches and vines. The original wood was a natural product called grapevine, It was very nice ,but it started sprouting some sort of growth during the run in and I really did not want to use it. I went to the local store and they carry a branch like product made by “Kritterz” a similar product line is made by  T-REX  it is flexible and posable and really looks life like. There was also a Kritterz Bio Vine material that I used to run along the back. I really like this stuff and so far would highly recommend it. The terrestrial plants I have chosen were bought at a local home depot. I am not totally sure if these plants are the proper ones for my set up, but I will find out. The air plants were bought at a local pet shop and are secured to the bark by the waterfall. I also have a box of assorted aquarium plant bulbs from  It looks to be about 8 to 10 different bulbs. These are my starter plants and I’m sure I will be adding and deleting some.



Terrestrial plants


Creeping Ficus

Scientific Name: Ficus pumila L.
family: Moraceae

Creeping Ficus (Ficus pumila)Common name:Creeping FigAverage Size:creeping, climbing habitSun Exposure:Partial shade, light shadeOrigin:China, Vietnam, Japan, Australia.Growth Habits:Self attaching vine, will grow slowly to cover any size enclosure.Watering Needs:Regular moderate watering for optimum growthPropagation:Seeds, cuttings under mist, offsetsPests:spider mites





Pothos Ivy

Scientific Name: Epipremnum aureum
family: Araceae


Common name:Pothos Ivy, Golden Pothos, Devil’s IvyAverage Size:vining habitSun Exposure:Partial shade, light shadeOrigin:Solomon Islands in the Pacific.Growth Habits:Self attaching vine, the greater the light the more variegation.Watering Needs:evenly to moist to slightly dry.Propagation:leaf cuttings with stem nodes and rootsPests:two-spotted mites



Maidenhair fern

Scientific Name: Adiantum tenerum L.
family: Pteridaceae

Common name:Brittle Maidenhair, Delicate maidenhair fernAverage Size:maidenhair fern grows 6 – 20 inchesSun Exposure:Low to medium lightOrigin:South America.Growth Habits:triangle-shaped leaflets with shiny black stems.Watering Needs:Keep soil wet at all times.Propagation:Divide the rhizomes, the thickened roots from which the leaves sprout.



Parlor Palm

Scientific Name: Chamaedorea elegans
family: Arecaceae


Common name:Parlor Palm, Table PalmAverage Size:3` to 4`Sun Exposure:Partial shade, light shadeOrigin:Mexico and Guatemala.Growth Habits:terrariums, dish gardens to tabletop and Floor containers.Watering Needs:evenly moistPropagation:easily by seed and sometimes divisionPests:mostly pest free, could have spider mites.



Polka Dot plant

Scientific Name: Hypoestes sanguinolenta
family: Acanthaceae


Common name:Polka Dot plant, Freckle Face, Measles PlantAverage Size:Grows 5″ to 12″ tallSun Exposure:bright light but not full sunOrigin:Native to Madagascar .Growth Habits:keep it pinched back to no taller than about 12 inches.Watering Needs:Should be kept slightly moistPropagation:by seed, or by cuttings taken at any time.



Air Plants



Air plant

Scientific Name: Tillandsia circinnatoides ?
family: Tillandsioideae


Common name:Air plant, TillandsiaAverage Size:Grows 5″ to 10″ tallSun Exposure:Bright filtered lightOrigin:Mexico to Costa Rica .Growth Habits:keep it pinched back to no taller than about 12 inches.Watering Needs:Thoroughly wet 2-3 times per week, mist between wateringsPropagation:offsetsWeb Site:Tillandsia International



Air plant

Scientific Name: Tillandsia juncea ?
family: Tillandsioideae



Common name:Air plant, TillandsiaAverage Size:Grows 8″ to 12″ tallSun Exposure:Bright filtered lightOrigin:Florida, Mexico, and the West Indies to Southern BrazilGrowth Habits:keep it pinched back to no taller than about 12 inches.Watering Needs:Thoroughly wet 2-3 times per week, mist between wateringPropagation:offsetsWeb Site:Tillandsia International



Aquatic Plants




Scientific Name: Lemna minor
family: Lemnaceae




Common name:DuckweedAverage Size:1-15mm  (1/2 inch max)Light:lowOrigin:WorldwideGrowth Habits:prolific, harvest when it becomes too dense.Water:

PH: 4.5 to 7.5
Hardness: Soft to hard
temperature: 32°- 90°+ F

Propagation:seed and vegetatively, thought during the growing season, nearly all plants arise by vegetative reproduction



Banana Plant

Scientific Name: Nymphoides aquatica
family: Menyanthacees



Common name:Banana PlantAverage Size:6 inchesLight:Bright, normal or artificial light.Origin:The Atlantic coast of North America (mainly Florida).Growth Habits:1-2 leaves a month.Water:

PH: 4.5 to 7.5
Hardness: medium
temperature: 55°- 80° F

Propagation:by division of the shoots that grow on the leaf stalks. The shoots will grow tufts of small swollen young roots.






These are some native mosses I recently found on my vacation. I have found their scientific names , but little as far as care. They both like the moist humid air of the set-upc and I hope will cover the ground nicely. We will see.




set up as of 7/10/01


Next: The Fauna


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