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Horabagrus brachysoma



    The Sun catfish is considered very hardy and adaptable due to their wide range of suitable water conditions, such as a pH and hardness. They are also known for having a lot of personality, while also being easy to feed. The greatest drawback is the enormous amount of space required to keep them in a large and healthy tank.

Quick stats:

Listed tank sizes are the minimum
Size: Up to 18in (45cm).
Tank: A large 180Gal. (648L) tank is only enough for a single Sun catfish. A much larger tank would be vital in adding any more of them, or other large community species.
Strata: Bottom to middle dwelling.
PH: 6.0 – 7.5
Hardness: Soft to moderately-hard water, dH range: 5-25° H)
Temperature: 74°F to 77°F (23°-25° C)


Order: Siluriformes
Family: Bagridae
SubFamily: Horabagrinae
Genera: Horabagrus
Species: Badis

Common name:


Sun catfish

    , golden red tail catfish, Günther’s catfish, yellow catfish, bullseye catfish, and solar catfish.



    : India, The State of Kerala to the south-west.

General Body Form:

    A long slender body, with darkened fins and tail, the usual catfish whiskers, and a dark spot outlined by a brighter yellow circle behind the gills.


    There are only 2 species currently under the genus Horabagrus. The other fish, Hiorabagrus nigricollaris resembles the H. brachysoma quite closely, but is much smaller and lends itself much more suitable for home aquaria. It is also pale in comparison to the H. brachysoma’s bright golden color.

Maintenance:If it can be housed in a large enough tank, the Sun catfish would be a peaceful fish among other docile, and similarly-sized fish. Any fish small enough to fit inside its mouth will be eaten, so as always choose community species carefully. It can be kept more easily in a lone species tank. It is rather nocturnal and enjoys heavily shadowed areas to dart out from and feed, so be sure to provide shade and low light.



Photo courtesy of Aqualand pets plus



    As mentioned above the Feeds on smaller fish, invertebrates and plant matter in nature, although thankfully there is no need to offer live ‘feeder’ fish in the aquarium. Most specimens are easy to feed, accepting a wide range of dried and meaty frozen foods. Feed a mixture of dried pellets as well as frozen prawns, mussels, earthworms etc.


    The breeding habits of Sun catfish are unavailable as of yet.


    Very slow moving streams, tributaries and backwaters.



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